Current Affairs 13th July

National Affairs

1. L&T and US Navy signed a Master Ship Repair Agreement for voyage repairs

On eleventh July 2023, Larsen and Toubro (L&T) restricted has marked an Expert Shipyard

Fix Arrangement (MSRA) with the US Naval force (US Naval force) to reinforce the

vital association among India and the US of America (USA) in the guard area and to add to a free and open Indo-Pacific.


Note: This MSRA is an immediate result of the 2022 US-India 2+2 Pastoral Discourse.

This likewise shows the responsibility of the USA to use fix offices on a

ordinary premise at the L&T shipyard in Kattupalli.




One of the major nodes in the Southern Defense Corridor, L&T’s cutting-edge Kattupalli Shipyard near Chennai, Tamil Nadu (TN), has been performing voyage repairs on Military Sealift Command vessels.


The Shipyard was approved for the MSRA after a thorough evaluation by the US Navy and Military Sealift Command.


This is identical to undertaking warship refits, for which the Shipyard has as of now

been qualified by the Indian Naval Force and the Coast Watchman.


Note: Kattupalli shipyard is furnished with a weighty boat lift, different dry billets, and

wet billets to empower the structure of new ships and undertaking fixes simultaneously

also, refits


About MSRA understanding:


Under this MSRA, L&T will use its energy, creativity, and Shipbuilding 4.0 techniques to meet the US N’s quality and delivery requirements. The understanding covers an assortment of boat fix administrations, including frame fix, mechanical fix, electrical fix, painting, etc and the arrangement is substantial for a time of 5 years.


With this understanding, L&T will extend its presence in the worldwide boat fix market

what’s more, it will let the US Naval force get its boats fixed at a lower cost.


By working together to provide US Navy vessels with cost-effective and efficient repairs, the shipping industries contributed positively to a free and open Indo-Pacific.


The MSRA will likewise permit L&T to offer transport fix contracts from different naval forces all over the planet.


US Maritime Boat (NS) Salvor:


The USNS Salvor, the rescue and salvage ship for the Military Sealift Command, arrived at the shipyard on July 9 for voyage repairs.


The USNS Salvor is the third US vessel to undergo voyage repairs at L&T Shipyard. It was the first ship to undergo steel repairs as part of the MSRA.


Note: Prior, to journey fixes of Marine Sealift Order (MSC) Armada Backing Boats,

USNS Charles Drew and USNS Matthew Perry were embraced and finished on

time by L&T.


Extra Data:


L&T is a multinational Indian corporation with a market capitalisation of 23 billion USD that, among other things, is involved in engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) projects. It operates in more than fifty nations all over the world.

2. Product Design Centre inaugurated in Kolkata and Grain-Ex facility launched under MeitY supported projects

The Product Design Centre (PDC) was opened by Bhuvnesh Kumar, Additional Secretary of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), at the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) in Kolkata, West Bengal.


The event also saw the launch of “Grain-Ex,” a machine vision-based appearance-based pulse detection system made possible by the “National Programme on Electronics and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) applications in Agriculture and Environment (AgriEnIcs)” and the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)-The Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, Delhi.


Key Individuals:


At the inauguration and launch, the most important people were: MeitY’s group coordinator, Sunita Verma; Aditya Kumar Sinha, Chief, C-DAC, Kolkata, West Bengal; Product Design Centre (PDC): Scientist D, Dr Om Krishan Singh.


For system design, prototyping, ideation, and fabrication, the center has all software and printing technologies.


Additionally, it has facilities for system design and prototyping.


This facility would be beneficial to entrepreneurs, start-ups, and the Ministry of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in India’s eastern region.




It is a 14-type pulse appearance-based electronic quality detection system.


Quality-based pricing in the e-National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) would undergo a significant transformation as a result. More than 1,200 markets that are connected to e-NAM will benefit.

International Affairs

1. India registers remarkable reduction in poverty with 415 million people coming out of it in 15 years: UN 


The most recent update of the Worldwide Complex Destitution Record (MPI) was delivered

by the Assembled Countries Advancement Program (UNDP) and the Oxford

Destitution and Human Advancement Drive (OPHI) at the College of Oxford.


According to it, a sum of 415 million individuals moved out of neediness in India in only 15 years from 2005/2006 to 2019/2021 appearance 55.1% reduction from 2005-06 to 16.4%

in 2019-2021.


In India, complex neediness declined from 645 million individuals in 2005-2006

to 370 million in 2015-2016, and further to 230 million in 2019-2021. Hardship

diminished across all pointers.


Over 1.1 billion people, or 18 per cent of the world’s population, live in acute multidimensional poverty in 110 countries, with the majority of the poor living in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.

2. IFSCA inks MoU with Climate Policy Initiative and IIML -EIC


IFSCA and CPI-India have marked a MoU for shared help and collaboration to

increment preparation of worldwide supportable capital streams into India.


This MoU likewise remembers exploration and joint convenings for the field of reasonable



IFSCA has likewise marked MoU with IIM Lucknow Undertaking Hatching Center

(IIML EIC) at IIM (Indian Establishment of The Executives) Lucknow EIC, Noida grounds in

Uttar Pradesh (UP).


This MoU intends to lay out a system for cooperation and shared

figuring out between the two associations for supporting and working with FinTech and

TechFin elements.


About Global Monetary Administrations Habitats Authority (IFSCA):


The International Financial Services Centres Authority Act of 2019 authorized its establishment in April 2020.

3. India Achieved the Best-Performing Nation on UN Digital and Sustainable Trade Facilitation Survey

As indicated by the fifth release of Overview on Computerized and Maintainable Exchange Help by the Assembled Countries Monetary and Social Commission for Asia Pacific (UNESCAP), India has arisen as the best-performing country in the South Asian locale in the wording of exchange assistance.


India has been situated at the front of worldwide exchange help endeavours, with

a great score of 93.55% in 2023 versus 90.32% in 2021 after the assessment

of 160 economies(countries) and 60 exchange help measures.


Key points:


Since 2017, India’s score in the UNTF (United Nations Trade Facilitation) survey has improved as a result of its ongoing efforts to improve the trade ecosystem for MSMEs.


The general score of India has been more noteworthy than many created nations

counting Canada, France, Joined Kingdom(UK), Germany and so on.

Banking and Finance

1. 3 Multilateral Development Banks Have Pledged up to USD 27 bn for India’s Green Growth 

The World Bank, the European Investment Bank (EIB), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), and three multilateral development banks contributed USD 27 billion to India’s green growth during the International Conference on Green Hydrogen (ICGH-2023).


The allocation of funds:


The ADB intends to provide USD 20-25 billion over five years to support India’s green growth. The World Bank approved USD 1.5 billion to assist India in its low-carbon transition journey. The EIB has pledged Euro (€) 1 billion to develop a large-scale hydrogen industry hub.


Global Gathering on Green Hydrogen (ICGH-2023):


The three-day ICGH-2023 was opened by Union Minister for Power and New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) R. K. Singh on July 5, 2023, at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.


The occasion was coordinated by MNRE, in association with the Service of Petrol

what’s more, Gaseous Petrol, the Committee of Logical and Modern Exploration (CSIR) and the office of a head logical consultant to the Public Authority of India.


The discussions at the conference were in line with the goals of India’s National Green Hydrogen Mission, which aims to support India’s goal of becoming net zero by 2070.


Green Hydrogen in India:


India positioned fourth all around the world with regards to introducing environmentally friendly power limits and accomplishing financially savvy sun-oriented and wind power age.


With the new send-off of the Public Green Hydrogen Mission the

The Legislature of India exhibited its devotion to sloping up green hydrogen

creation and lining up with worldwide patterns.


The nation additionally enjoys many benefits on the environmentally friendly power front because of its plentiful sun-based energy, interest in the power matrix, positive environment, adequate assets, and solid inventory network for green hydrogen creation.


To ease the transition to a green hydrogen economy, the public sector units (PSUs) have set a goal of producing more than one million metric tonnes (MMT) of green hydrogen by 2030.


Green hydrogen adoption in refineries and city gas distribution (CGD) is one of the goals of the government, which also aims to support efforts to reduce carbon emissions and phase out fossil fuels.


2. IDFC FIRST Bank, Club Vistara, & Mastercard has Introduced Travel Credit Card

IDFC FIRST Bank Ltd has teamed up with Club Vistara and Mastercard to present

a movement Visa that expects to improve travel encounters and way of life related

offers to cardholders.


Travel rewards and banking services will be offered by the new card.


Elements and Advantages:


Club Vistara Points serve as the foundation for the rewards system, which offers accelerated points for various spending categories.


Club Vistara Points, lounge benefits, birthday benefits, annual rewards, golf benefits, and insurance for cancelled hotel and flight reservations are all available to cardholders.


A voucher for an upgrade and a free Premium Economy flight ticket are among the benefits of joining.


The card includes CFAR (Cancel For Any Reason) Insurance, which covers non-refundable travel booking components.


Based on total annual spending, the card provides tiers of annual rewards.

Cardholders who spend more than Rs.1,50,000, Rs.3,00,000, Rs.4,50,000,

Rs.9,00,000, or Rs.12,00,000 will open extra Premium Economy Class tickets

as a prize.

Extra data:


IDFC FIRST Bank-a bank established by the consolidation of Capital First and IDFC Bank in

December 2018.


Club Vistara-Goodbye SIA Carriers Restricted, realized by the brand name Vistara, is a

51:49 joint endeavor between Goodbye Children Private Restricted and Singapore Carriers Restricted (SIA).


MasterCard-an overall relationship of banks and monetary establishments.

Economy and Business

1. India & Bangladesh Launch Trade Transactions in Rupees to Lower Dollar Usage

Bangladesh and India have started doing business in rupees, as India is Bangladesh’s top Asian export destination, in a significant move to strengthen trade and reduce reliance on the US dollar.


This is the first time Bangladesh has done business with another country that doesn’t use the 

US dollar. The demand in the market determines the exchange rate.


The starting function was gone to by Indian High Official to Bangladesh Pranay Verma Uncertainties and Bangladesh Bank (The national bank of Bangladesh) Lead representative Abdur Rouf Talukder for the benefit of India and Bangladesh individually.


Bangladesh and India Come to an Agreement:


The two nations have consented to begin settling exchange Rupees at first, and afterward

continuously in Taka as the exchange hole between the two nations diminishes. This is due to the fact that Bangladesh imports USD 13.69 billion more from India than it exports USD 2 billion to India.


The exchange costs in exchange with India would lessen with the presentation of the

Taka(Currency of Bangladesh)- Rupee double cash card which was going to be

sent off in September 2023.


The permission to open Nostro Accounts will make it simpler for businesses in the two nations to conduct business with one another in their respective currencies.


About Taka-Rupee Double Money Card:


PayCard(a new check card) for exchanges in Indian Rupee as well as Bangladeshi

Taka. This card can be utilized both in Bangladesh and India. Reported in the new Financial Strategy of Bangladesh by Bangladesh Bank


About Nostro Record:


An account held by one bank on behalf of another is called a Nostro account. It permits

the clients to store cash in the financial balances in another bank. It is frequently

utilized on the off chance that a bank has no branches in an unfamiliar country.


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