Current Affairs 19th July

National Affairs

1. NITI Aayog launches 2nd National MPI: India’s Multidimensionally Poor declines to 14.96% in 2019-2021


On July 17, 2023, the Bad habit Administrator of Public Establishment for Changing India

(NITI) Aayog, Suman Bery delivered the second version of NITI Aayog’s Report ‘Public Complex Neediness Record (MPI): An Advancement Survey 2023’.


The report addresses India’s advancement in lessening multi-layered destitution between the two reviews, Public Family Wellbeing Study [NFHS-4 (2015-16)] and NFHS-5 (2019-21).


India has enrolled a critical downfall of 9.89 rate focuses in number of

India’s elaborately poor from 24.85% in 2015-16 to 14.96% in 2019-2021.


Uttar Pradesh (UP) enlisted the biggest decrease in number of poor for example 3.43

crore individuals.

2. IEA in collaboration with PPAC of MoP&NG launched Oil 2023 medium-term market report

On seventeenth July 2023, The Worldwide Energy Office (IEA), Paris(France)- based

independent association, as a team with Petrol Arranging and Investigation Cell

(PPAC) under the organization of Service of Petrol and Flammable gas (MoPNG)

sent off the Oil 2023 medium-term market report named IEA Oil 2023 – Market interest elements to 2028 in Delhi for oil market interest.


The Oil 2023 medium-term market report figures that in view of current

government strategies and market patterns, worldwide oil request will ascend by 6% somewhere in the range of 2022 and 2028 to arrive at 105.7 million barrels each day (mb/d).


India’s interest for energy is becoming quicker than some other significant economy and is

expected to fill in all areas because of great socioeconomics upheld by urbanization and industrialization.

International Affairs

1. Overview of PM Narendra Modi’s Visit to UAE

On July 15, 2023, Narendra Modi, Head of the state (PM) of India, formally visited Abu Dhabi, Joined Middle Easterner Emirates (UAE). This imprint’s his fifth visit to UAE starting around 2015. He was invited by the Crown Sovereign of Abu Dhabi, HH Sheik Khaled receptacle Mohamed container Zayed Al Nahyan at the air terminal and a stylized greeting and Gatekeeper of Honor were concurred to Modi


During the visit, two arrangements were inked between the Save Bank of India

(RBI) and National Bank of UAE (CBUAE) to work with consistent cross-line

exchanges and installments, and encourage more prominent monetary collaboration between the

two nations.


A Head of Understanding (HoA) was endorsed between India’s Indian Oil Company

(IOC) Restricted to import condensed flammable gas (LNG) from UAE’s Abu Dhabi Gas

Liquefaction Co (Adnoc) Ltd and TotalEnergies of France on a drawn out premise.

2. World Humanitarian Drive got special status from the UN for global education

The World Helpful Drive (WHD), a global Non-legislative association (NGO), which advances worldwide instruction and exchange, has been truly extraordinary consultative status by Joined Countries (UN’s) Financial and Social Chamber (ECOSOC). With this ECOSOC status, WHD will be approved to associate effectively with its auxiliary bodies, the Basic liberties Committee, certain UN General Get together (UNGA) meetings, other intergovernmental bodies, and the UN Secretariat. 


Key features:


The exceptional consultative status will furnish WHD with the honor to get to UN’s gatherings, give composed and oral articulations to ECOSOC.


WHD can utilize UN offices including presenting a quadrennial (happening each 4

years) report on the exercises of the association, on the side of crafted by ECOSOC

furthermore, the UN at an as of late closed gathering held in UN in June 2023. Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC):


ECOSOC is the most elevated status conceded to a NGO, which permits them to work with the Unified Countries.


The status is allowed to Ngo’s, which have exceptional capacity and are concerned

explicitly with a couple of the fields of action covered by the ECOSOC.


There are 54 member states of the ECOSOC, and the UNGA selects them for three-year terms. 


About World Compassionate Drive (WHD):


It is a Worldwide NGO with activities in 12 nations, established in Croydon, UK. Peace, education, and trade harmony initiatives are the primary goals of WHD. Additionally, WHD promotes important collaborations between India and the United Kingdom (UK).

3. UK signed treaty to join Trans-Pacific trading bloc

On sixteenth July 2023, the Unified Realm (UK) marked an arrangement to join the Thorough and Moderate Understanding for Transoceanic Organization (CPTPP), a significant Asia-Pacific exchanging coalition New Zealand and turned into the principal new part

also, first European country to join since it was framed in 2018. Kemi Badenoch, the Business and Exchange Secretary of the UK marked the arrangement affirming UK’s promotion convention for the CPTPP in New Zealand.


With the incorporation of the UK, the aggregate GDP (Gross domestic product) of the

alliance, involving Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New

Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam, will add up to 12 trillion pounds (USD

15.7 trillion), or 15% of the worldwide Gross domestic product.


The arrangement would check the huge economic alliance for England since its takeoff

from the European Association in 2020.


It will bring boundary-streamlined commerce access for English organizations to a market of 500 million individuals and admittance to the more extensive locale and the settlement is supposed to come into force in the last part of 2024.

Economy and Business

1. Ashok Leyland won orders worth Rs. 800 crore from Indian Army to deliver Defence Vehicles

On seventeenth July 2023, Ashok Leyland Restricted, a piece of Hinduja Gathering, has won a contract worth Rs 800 crore to supply protection vehicles to the Indian armed force.

The field artillery tractor (FAT 44) and the gun towing vehicle (GTV 66) will be purchased as part of the contract.


Regarding GTV 6/6 and FAT 4/4: The FAT 4×4 and GTV 6×6 are specific vehicles utilized by the big guns for towing light and medium weapons, individually. Both these stages were clearly highlighted in the underlying positive indigenisation list reported by the public authority of India.


The vehicles will be conveyed throughout the following a year to meet the prerequisites

of the Indian Armed force.


Key Features:


Ashok Leyland’s choice for these critical Protection contracts stresses its

obligation to native assembling and its situation as a confided in accomplice for the

Indian Military.


The agreement additionally lays out the administration of Ashok Leyalnd in the protection portability vehicle business.


Ashok Leyland has put resources into improvement of portability stages going from

4×4, 6×6, 8×8, 10×10 and 12×12 for different applications and functional

prerequisites of the Indian Military.


These stages are natively planned, created and fabricated by Ashok Leyland and contribute altogether towards import replacement. 


The new request got from the Guard Area denoted a critical achievement in the excursion of Ashok Leyland, which will praise its 75th commemoration in September 2023. 


Ashok Leyland is seeing accelerating its guard business over the course of the following 3 years to accomplish Rs 3,500 crore in addition to delicate win, contrasted and Rs 2,000 crore in addition to prevail upon the beyond 5 years.

Science and Technology

1. Amit Shah Launches Refund Portal to Expedite Refunds for Sahara Group Depositors

The “Central Registrar of Cooperative Societies (CRCS) – Sahara Refund Portal” was launched on July 17, 2023, by Union Minister of Home and Cooperation Amit Shah, with the goal of assisting over 10 crore Sahara Group depositors in reclaiming their funds within 45 days.


The discount entryway has been created by an auxiliary of Modern Money Enterprise of India (IFCI) Ltd, a Foundationally Significant Non-Store taking Non-Banking Money Organization (NBFC-ND-SI)


In Stage I, around 1.7 crore financial backers will be recipients, and cases up to

₹10,000 will be focused on for settlement. Investors will receive their refunds within 45 days of registering with the portal. These refunds will be credited to bank accounts linked to Aadhaar.


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