Current Affairs 7th November


National Affairs

1. Sarbananda Sonowal (MoPSW) flags off India’s 1st International Cruise Liner “Costa Serena” in Mumbai

Association Pastor Sarbananda Sonowal, Service of Ports, Transportation and Streams (MoPSW) hailed off the launch of the vessel “Costa Serena”, India’s first Worldwide Luxury ship at an occasion held in Mumbai, Maharashtra. This send-off represents the beginning of a new time in cruising and the travel industry in India.


This drive lines up with the Public authority of India’s “Dekho Apna Desh” drive to the working class to favour homegrown the travel industry over worldwide the travel industry.


About Costa Serena:


The Costa Serena was built by Fincantieri (Shipbuilding organization) at its Sestri Ponente shipyard in Genoa, Italy and was introduced in Marseille, France.


The Costa Serena is the 10th vessel to join the 17-transport armada of Costa Crociere (Costa Travels). Costa Travels, Italy, working under Festival Company, declares homegrown sailings in India. Courses Costa Serena’s essential functional courses are in Mumbai, Kochi (Kerala), Goa and the Island of Agatti in Lakshadweep.


Government Drives:


Indian government drives incorporate concessions, uniform rates, and the upgradation of voyage terminals.


A critical move was the restrictive Incorporated Labor and products Duty (IGST) exclusion for unfamiliar banner vessels moving to beachfront tasks, essentially diminishing monetary weights.


Sagarmala Program:


Improvement of the journey of the travel industry and beacon the travel industry are effectively viewed under MoPSW’s lead conspire Sagarmala Program.


Over a time of the most recent 9 years Sagarmala Program has finished 11 Tasks worth Rs.267 crores advancing the waterfront and voyage of the travel industry and Island Advancement.


Sea India Vision 2030:


The vision is to change India into a head journey centre in the Asia Pacific district.


Target: Increment yearly voyage travellers to 18 lakhs by 2030, up from 4.72 lakhs.


Sea Amritkaal Vision 2047:


The Sea Amritkaal Vision 2047, presented during the Worldwide Sea India Culmination 2023 in Mumbai, is set to reshape India’s voyage in the travel industry. By 2047, India expects to have 25 functional journey terminals, with an expected 5 million travellers every year.

2. Free Nation Scheme PMGKAY will be extended till 2028

Prime Minister(PM) Narendra Modi declared the expansion of the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana(PMGKAY) for an additional five years while tending to a political decision rally at Durg in Chhattisgarh. The plan which should be finished by December 2023 will end in 2028.


Service of Purchaser Undertakings, Food, and Public Conveyance had proclaimed that the focal government would dispense over ₹2 lakh crore in 2023 for food appropriations under NFSA and other government assistance programs.


Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana:


The plan was first carried out in 2020 during the Coronavirus pandemic. PMGKAY is worked by the Branch of Food and Public Appropriation under the Service of Customer Undertakings, Food and Public Circulation. This program is a piece of the current Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana government assistance drive.


The plan gives 5 kg of food grain per individual each month and is liberated from cost for every one of the recipients covered under the Public Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013 (Antodaya Anna Yojana and Need Families) including those covered under Direct Advantage Move (DBT).


Past Expansions:


  • Stage I and II ( 8 months): April 2020 to November 2020
  • Stage III to V (11 months): May 2021 to Walk 2022
  • Stage VI ( a half year): April 2022 to Sept 2022
  • Stage VII (3 months): October 2022 to December 2022
  • Stage VIII (a year): January 2023 to December 2023


About Public Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013:


The Public Food Security Act, of 2013 plans to accommodate food and dietary security in the human existence cycle approach, by guaranteeing admittance to a satisfactory amount of value food at reasonable costs to individuals to carry on with an existence with nobility.


NFSA accommodates the inclusion of up to 75% of the provincial populace and up to half of the metropolitan populace for getting sponsored food grains under the Designated Public Dissemination Framework (TPDS).


The qualified people will be qualified to get 5 Kg of foodgrains per individual each month at sponsored costs of Rs. 3/2/1 for each Kg for rice/wheat/coarse grains separately.


The current Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) families, which comprise the least fortunate of poor people, will keep on getting 35 Kg of foodgrains per family each month.

3. Norway to Fund USD 44.7mn to Support India’s Hunger Project in Uttarakhand

The Public Authority of Norway will finance USD 44.7 million to reinforce food security and ecological security in Uttarakhand under India’s ‘The Craving Task (THP)’. This subsidizing will be substantial for a considerable length of time, until September 2026.


Norway will help with advancing food security by further developing efficiency for limited-scope makers of food, and by creating neighbourhood esteem chains and markets.


What is THP?


A non-benefit association attempts to end craving and outrageous destitution across 12 nations in Africa, Latin America and South Asia. In India, it is presently working in the five territories of Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh (MP), Odisha, Rajasthan, and Uttarakhand. In Uttarakhand, it will be carried out in 3 areas, 9 blocks, 172 gram panchayats and 145 van panchayats.


Central issues:


The venture reinforces the political initiative of Chosen Ladies’ Agents (EWRs) in Gram Panchayats by putting together limit-building preparations. Their strengthening will lead to preserving timberlands, advancing practical living, and working together with nearby networks.


It likewise centers around reinforcing Van Panchayats (Backwoods Boards) which thus will guarantee food security and jobs amazing open doors for minimized families.


Project results incorporate high-level climate well-disposed advancement, institutional processes for woods preservation, environment risk relief, and further developed food security for minimized families.

4. Colors Collaborates with the Ministry of WCD to Support BBBP

India’s driving Hindi General Diversion Channel (GEC) and Viacom18 Media Private Restricted’s Lead Channel Tones have reported a joint effort with the Service of Ladies and Youngster Improvement (WCD) to help the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) drive to bring issues to light about the social evil of young lady kid deserting.


The cooperation expects to bring issues to light around young lady kid surrender through their most recent social show “Doree” which will be broadcast from 06th November 2023.


The channel will likewise bring issues to light about the 24-hour crisis complementary youngster helpline number (1098) among watchers.


In 2015, the Public authority of India (GoI) presented the plan “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao” (BBBP) to address orientation segregation and ladies strengthening in India.

International Affairs

1. Swedish Firm Saab AB Becomes India’s first 100% FDI in Defence Sector

Swedish guard organization Saab Stomach muscle has turned into the primary unfamiliar organization to get Govenment of India (GoI’s) endorsement for 100 percent unfamiliar direct investment(FDI) in guard area.


About Saab Stomach muscle FDI:


The FDI proposition is esteemed at around Rs 500 crore. With this, Saab is set to lay out an office to produce Carl-Gustaf M4 rocket launchers in India.


The office will uphold the creation of the Carl-Gustaf M4 for the Indian Military as well as parts for clients of the framework all over the planet. SAAB FFV India Private Restricted, an auxiliary of Saab was Consolidated in 2022.


About Carl-Gustaf M4 weapon framework:


The man-convenient coilless rifle Carl-Gustaf M4 is reasonable for an extensive variety of ammo that can focus on a wide range of targets, including developed regions and defensively covered vehicles, and can likewise be utilized to enlighten combat zones during evening activities.


The counter tank, people killing Carl-Gustaf M4 is short of what one meter long and gauges under seven kilograms and its reach shifts somewhere in the range of 400m and 2100m relying on its objective.


The Indian Armed force has been utilizing Carl-Gustaf weapon framework beginning around 1976 as a fundamental shoulder-sent off weapon.




From 2020 on, the Indian government permitted up to 74% of FDI in the safeguard area under the programmed course and up to 100 percent through government consent on a one case at a time case premise.

Science and Technology

1. New technology for converting CO2 to CO developed with Potential for Application in Steel Sector

The Public Focus of Greatness in Carbon Catch and Use (NCoE-CCU) at the Indian Organization of Technology(IIT ) Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra has fostered a new energy-effective innovation for changing Carbon Dioxide (CO2) to carbon monoxide (CO). It changes the CO under electro-reactant conditions at encompassing temperatures (25-40 °C) within the sight of water.


In such a manner, a group of scientists driven by Dr Arnab Dutta and Dr Vikram Vishal, close devoted researchers at the NCoE-CCU, tied down a patent for their CO2 to CO change innovation.


This accomplishment is on the lines of India’s obligation to accomplish net-zero discharges by 2070 and has potential for application in the steel area.


Central issues:


CO is a broadly involved substance compound in different ventures, especially as a combination gas (syn gas).


By and by, CO is delivered through the fractional oxidation of coke or coal, coming about in huge CO2 emanations as a result. Presently, this new innovation will fundamentally diminish carbon impressions and lower related costs.’


NCoE-CCU is upheld by the Division of Science and Innovation, Service of Science and Innovation (MoST). It is as of now being increased through the as of late settled fire-up, UrjanovaC Private Restricted.

2. Spear Corps Test Fires New Generation Rocket and Turret Ammunition From Rudra

The Lance Corps (the aeronautics unit of the Indian Armed force) effectively test terminated the New Age Rocket and Turret ammo from the main Native Assault Helicopter Rudra. It likewise improves the Military’s strike ability and lethality in the mountains.


About Rudra:


The Rudra is a weaponised form of the High-level Light Dhruv helicopter of 5.8 Ton class fueled by two Shakti Motors.


It was planned and created by Hindustan Air Transportation Restricted (HAL) to meet the necessities of the Indian Armed Force and Indian Air Force(IAF).


It tends to be utilized for various missions, for example, observation, troop transport, hostile to tank fighting and close air support.


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